Georgia's Irasshai TV Show http://220.127.116.11......homepg.htm|
With a total of 136 award-winning, highly-interactive video lessons, a tailor-made textbook, native-speaking Japanese telephone teachers, a state-of-the-art assessment system, and a lively website, Irasshai is designed to meet the needs of high school or college students wanting for-credit Japanese courses as well as the needs of businessmen and women who desire to acquire language and culture skills in Japanese.
Intransitive vs Transitive Verb Pairs http://www.sf.airnet......MPq0e.html|
The rule is simple. The verb suru (to do) means transitivity, and the verb aru (to be) means intransitivity. They were attached to other verbs long ago to show transitivity and intransitivity. They are also related to the causative and passive forms.
sci.lang.japan Verb Info http://www.sljfaq.or......tive_verbs|
Japanese has a large variety of related pairs of transitive (take a direct object) and intransitive (do not take a direct object) verbs, such as hajimaru (to begin) and hajimeru (to begin). For example,
Learn Japanese Language http://www.learn-jap......akana.com/|
Learn to speak, read, and write Japanese language - Kanji, Hiragana, and Katakana Symbols
Causative, Passive Verb Forms http://www.yookoso.c......&pagenum=1|
Yookoso! is a portal for those who study Japanese language (Nihongo) and writing (Kanji) and those who want to travel to Japan or learn more about Japanese culture, life, music (JPOP) and more
Yamasa Online J-Class http://www.yamasa.or......index.html|
Learn Japanese with the Online Center for Japanese Studies, Japan's leading distance learning JSL programs
Module Grammar http://www.gu.edu.au......frame.html|
School of Languages and Linguistics - Modulerized grammar explanations. Independent from any textbook. (Grifith University, Australia)
All Particles Explained http://www.colby.edu......Index.html|
When designing a page in Netscape Composer, be sure that View -- Encoding is set properly first (Shift-JIS). This is especially important when cutting and pasting Japanese encoded text from another application into Composer.
Deshou - Probably http://www.as.ua.edu......ammar6.htm|
Deshou, particles, positions, comparative.
Honorifics O & Go http://www.as.ua.edu......ammar5.htm|
The kanji character 御 can be added to the front of certain words to not only show honor to the person you are talking to, but also to the words themselves. The character is usually pronounced "o" but in some cases, like goshujin ([your] husband) and gohan, it is pronounced "go."
Ko, So, A Chart http://www.as.ua.edu......osoado.htm|
The words in yellow boxes are PRENOMINALS which means they must be followed by a noun or noun predicate (fill in the __ with a noun).
Noun Conjugation Chart http://www.as.ua.edu......gation.htm|
You do not have to change the base forms of nouns at all, just add the interchangeable endings in the chart below. I have put casual forms, (used with your in-group such as family and friends), in green. Note that there are two alternatives for the negative conjugations. The first alternative ends in ~nai or ~nakatta.
Masu & Noun Modifiers http://www.as.ua.edu......ammar4.htm|
Some words in Japanese like ちがいます (wrong; incorrect) are not verbs in English. If they end in ます, they are verbs in Japanese! Later we will change the tense of the verbs by "conjugation" (changing the ます form). The stem of the verb holds the meaning, and usually includes a kanji character. The stem only changes in a few irregular verbs.
Particle Review http://www.as.ua.edu......ticles.htm|
Here is a quick review of the function of particles. Please refer to the Grammar Index for links back to the Grammar Notes of each Module where the particles first appeared.
Keigo, Honorifics http://www.as.ua.edu......lchart.htm|
How to use Keigo.
How does keigo work? When do you use humble and honorific? You must review the Keigo Essay in Core Module 3, and here is a quick reference for you to commit to memory:
TE Form http://www.as.ua.edu......_notes.htm|
GREAT Te form explanation. Splendid. Simply brilliant.
て (Gerund) Form of Verbs
Why do verbs need to be in te form?
Time Words Chart http://www.as.ua.edu......ewords.htm|
All time words listed in an easy to see chart.
Verb Conjugation Chart http://www.as.ua.edu......gation.htm|
"Direct style" is a term made up by an American linguist. It is a useful term to refer to when discussing grammar. Words (nouns, verbs or adjectives) in direct style are words in dictionary form or any conjugation other than masu forms. You can think of "direct" style as speaking without masu forms, which is
There are two ways to make interrogative questions.
The first expression starts with...
Interrogative Chart http://www.griffith.......tives.html|
Japanese interrogatives are used in two ways to make a question: straight way, and soft way...